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there be 句型
分类:语法详解 作者:本站原创

1. [ there be句型 ] 表示“在某个地方有某人或者某物”
1)there 是引导词,本身无词义
2)be是谓语动词
3)be 后面的名词是主语

There is a book on the table.
桌上有一本书。
[主语:a book]
There are many balls in the box.
 盒子里有很多球。
 [主语:many balls]

2. there be句型结构
1)肯定句中的主语常被a,an, some, any, a few, a little, many, much, a lot of等修饰,以体现数量
2)否定句和一般疑问句中主语常被any修饰

一般现在时
肯定:There +is/are +主语+地点/时间
否定:There +isn't/aren't +主语+地点/时间
一般疑问句: Is/Are there+主语+地点/时间?
肯定回答:Yes, there is/are.
否定回答:No, there isn't/aren't.

【例句】
There are a few books in the bag.
书包里有一些书。
There aren't any books in the bag. 
书包里没有书。
-Are there any books in the bag?
-Yes, there are./No, there aren't.
-书包里有书吗?
-有。/没有。

一般过去时
肯定:There +was/were +主语+地点/时间
否定:There +wasn't/weren't +主语+地点/时间
一般疑问句: Was/Were there+主语+地点/时间?
肯定回答:Yes, there was/were.
否定回答:No, there wasn't/weren't.

There were a few books in the bag.
书包里有一些书。
There weren't any books in the bag. 
书包里没有书。
-Were there any books in the bag?
-Yes, there were./No, there weren't.
-书包里有书吗?
-有。/没有。

一般将来时
肯定:There +will +be+主语+地点/时间
否定:There +won't+ be +主语+地点/时间
一般疑问句: Will there be+主语+地点/时间?
肯定回答:Yes, there will.
否定回答:No, there won't.

肯定:There+ is/are going to+ be+主语+地点/时间
否定:There+ isn't/aren't going to +be+主语+地点/时间
一般疑问句: Is/Are there + going to be+主语+地点/时间?
肯定回答:Yes, there is/are.
否定回答:No, there isn't/aren't.

There will be a few books in the bag.
书包里将有一些书。
There won't be any books in the bag. 
书包里将没有书。
-Will there be any books in the bag?
-Yes, there will./No, there won't.
-书包里将有书吗?
-有。/没有。

There is going to be a party tomorrow.
明天将有一场派对。
There aren't going to be any parties tomorrow. 
明天将没有派对。
-Is there going to be a party tomorrow?
-Yes, there is./No, there isn't.
-明天将有一场派对吗?
-有。/没有。

3. there be句型的主谓一致
1)若主语是单数可数名词或不可数名词,be动词用单数;
There is a boy at the door. 
有个男孩子在门边。
There is some juice in the fridge.
冰箱里有一些果汁。


2)若主语是复数可数名词,be动词用复数
There are some dogs in the street. 
街上有一些狗。

3)若含几个并列主语,谓语动词的单复数取决于与be动词最接近的主语 
There is a table and four chairs in the room. 
房间里与一张桌子和四把椅子。
There are four students and a teacher in the classroom. 
教室里有四位学生和一位老师。

4. 特别注意:there be句型不能与have混用
There have two books in the bag. (×)
There are two books in the bag. (√)
There are going to have two books in the bag. (×)
There are going to be two books in the bag. (√)
若想进一步了解,可点击查看:
there be和have的区别

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