专注于英语语法基础入门、初中英语语法、小学英语语法。
用who不用that的定语从句
分类:语法详解 作者:本站原创

定语从句中用who不用that的情况如下:

1.先行词是these, those指人时,关系代词只用who

(部分较短的谚语中会用that)

God helps those who help themselves. 

上帝帮助那些能够自己帮助自己的人。(自助者天助)

Success belongs to those who are willing to work hard. 

成功属于那些愿意努力工作的人。


2.先行词是人称代词(he, she…)时,关系代词常用who

He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man.

不到长城非好汉。

(部分较短的谚语中会用that)


3.不定代词one,someone, anyone, everyone, no one, somebody, anybody, everybody作先行词时,关系代词用who

Anybody who breaks the rules would be punished.

任何破坏规则的人都会受到惩罚。


4. 非限制性定语从句中,先行词是人时,用who,that不能引导非限制性定语从句

 Mr Green, who is a great teacher, is popular among students.

格林先生在学生当中很受欢迎,他是个不错的老师。


用who不用that的定语从句拓展:

5.先行词是人时,后面有两个定语从句时,第二个必须用who引导且不能省略

The scientist that won the Nobel Prize is the hero who dedicated his life for the cause of the people.

赢得诺贝尔奖的那位科学家是将自己的一生奉献给人民大众事业的英雄。


6.先行词是人,关系词在从句中与从句谓语动词分开时,常用who

She is a girl who, if is properly encouraged, will try her best.

她是一个如果得到适当的鼓励就会尽全力的人。


7.先行词是people时,关系词常用who

People who are more confident are more likely to be successful.

比较自信的人更有可能成功。


8.先行词是人且被指物的名词修饰时,为了避免混淆,常用who

Do you know the student in white with books in his hand who is standing under the tree?

你认识那个站在树底下穿白衣服手里拿着书的学生吗?


• 查看相关语法: 定语从句 综合
本站原创内容,文章链接:https://www.hellotoabc.com/-633.html