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强调句结构
分类:语法详解 作者:本站原创

一、常见的强调句的结构类型情况有以下几种:

1. 在一般现在时和一般过去时的句子中,用do/does/did强调谓语动词。例如:

He does look well today. 

他今天确实看起来气色不错。

(do强调look)

 Lily did pass the exam. 

丽丽确实通过了考试。

(did强调pass)


2. 强调句型:It is/was+被强调部分+ that/who +其余部分。难点在于强调从句、特殊疑问句以及植入复合句中。例如:

It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the truth.

直到看了你的信以后,我才明白了真相。

(强调not until I had read your letter)

What was it that made you so happy?

 是什么让你如此高兴?(强调what)

 I don’t know why it is that they tend to refuse my advice.

我不知道为什么他们会倾向于拒绝我的建议。(强调why)


3. 判断强调句的依据为:把强调句还原成强调之前的句子,结构完整,句意通顺则该句型属于强调句。例如:

 It was the newspaper that provided Tom with enough money for his research.

可以还原成:The newspaper provided Tom with enough money for his research.


二、强调句翻译例子:

1.这家公司正是因为不重视产品更新换代,忽视售后服务,才逐步被市场淘汰的。 (It was because…) 

【翻译】It was because the company didn’t pay attention to product upgrading and ignored after-sales service  that it was gradually eliminated in the market.


2.正是老一辈人的艰苦奋斗使祖国发生了巨大变化,未来掌握在我们年轻人手中,我们绝不辜负期望。(lie) 

【翻译】It was the old generation who worked hard to make these / the great changes happen in our motherland; the future lies in the hands of us young people and we’ll live up to their expectations.


强调句句子结构比较复杂,需要多做这方面的练习,才熟能生巧。


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