专注于英语语法基础入门、初中英语语法、小学英语语法。
中学阶段常考察的高频词汇用法--动词
分类:初级英语语法 作者:本站原创

中学阶段常考察的高频词汇用法之动词的用法如下:

(以60序号开头,60之前的是其他词性的)

60.accept  /?k?sept/   v.接受       反义词refuse  v.拒绝

注:accept指主观上接受,而receive指客观上收到 

例句 With all her efforts, the children finally accepted her as one of the family.

经过她的努力,孩子们终于接受了她作为家庭的一员。


61.achieve    /?'t?i?v/  v.完成,达到,成功       achievement  n.成就; 成绩

词组achieve one's aim实现某人的目标

例句Stephen Hawking has achieved great success as a scientist.

作为科学家,斯蒂芬●霍金取得了很大成功。


62.advise   /?d'va?z/  v.劝告,建议

词组advise sb. (not) to do sth.建议某人(不)做某事

advise doing sth. 建议做某事

例句My father often advises me to read more educational books.

我父亲经常建议我多读有教育意义的书。


63. afford  /?'f??d/    v.负担得起,买得起; 提供

词组afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事

例句I am afraid we can not afford to take a taxi. Let's go by underground instead.

恐怕打车(去)我们支付不起,咱们改坐地铁吧。


64.agree   /?'gri?/  v.同意,赞成   

disagree  v. 不同意   agreement n.同意,一致; 协定

词组 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见/想法  

agree to do sth. 同意做某事

例句I can't agree more. 我完全同意。

 

65.allow     /?'la?/   V.允许,准许

词组allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

        allow doing sth.允许做某事

例句My teacher doesn't allow us to eat in the classroom. 

我的老师不允许我们在教室里吃东西。


66.answer  /'ɑ?ns?/     v.回答 n.答案

词组 answer the phone接电话

the answer to the question   问题的答案

例句Listen carefully and answer my questions. 

仔细听并回答我的问题。


67.appear   /?'p??/  v. 出现,呈现

disappear v.消失    appearance n.外貌;露面,出现

例句While the lights were changing to red, a car suddenly appeared around the corner.

当灯变红时,一辆汽车突然出现在拐角处。


68.arrive   /?'ra?v/   v. 到达

辨析arrive, get与reach表示“到达”

arrive不及物动词,arrive at +小地方,arrive in+大地方

    get  不及物动词,后跟介词to, 再接地点名词

    reach  及物动词,后直接跟地点名词

当arrive和get后接here, there, home等地点副词时,中间不加任何介词。(因为副词修饰动词)

例句On Weekdays, we must arrive at/get to/reach school before 7: 30 in the morning.

在上学日,我们必须在早上7: 30之前到达学校。


69. ask    /ɑ?sk/   v.请求,要求,询问

词组ask for请求;询问 

ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求某人(不)做某事

例句Mother asks me to read English every morning.

妈妈要求我每天早上读英语。


70.avoid    /?'v??d/   vt.避免,回避

词组 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事

例句I get up at 7:00 every morning to avoid missing the early bus.

我每天早上7点钟起床以免错过早班车。


71.beat  /bi?t/  v. (beat, beaten) 打, 打败; 敲打       n. (音乐)节拍

例句If we want to beat them, we have to work hard together.

我们如果想战胜他们,就必须齐心协力。

Last term Lingling won first prize for her poems.

上学期玲玲的诗获得了一等奖。 



72.begin   /b?'g?n/    v. (began, begun)  开始   近义词start

      beginning n.开始,开端

at the beginning of ....的开头

词组begin/start with.. ...开始  

begin/start to do/doing sth.开始做某事

例句He began/started to play tennis when he was six years old. 他六岁时开始打网球。

      

73.believe     /b?'li?v/   v. 相信;认为有可能

词组 believe sb. 相信某人所说的话      

believe in sb.信任某人

例句We believe our China Dreams will come true.

我们相信我们的中国梦将会实现。


74.book   /b?k/  v.预订(房间、车票等)    n.书

词组book a ticket订票      read a book读书

例句I'd like to book a single room for two nights.

我想订一个单人间,住两晚。


75.borrow   /'b?r??/   v. 借;借用

词组borrow sth. from sb./sp.     从某人/某处借某物 (借入)

lend sth. to sb. = lend sb. sth.  借给某人某物  (借出)

keep  保存   可与一 段时间连用,而borrow, lend不能   


例句I lent the book to Gina a few days ago. 几天前我把这本书借给了吉娜。


76.break  /bre?k/   (broke, broken)  (使)破;裂;碎;损坏   n.间歇;休息

         broken adj破损的:残缺的

词组break out爆发         break down发生故障

take/have a break休息一下

例句 A forest fire broke out at the end of March in Liangshan, Sichuan Province. 

3月底,四川省凉山发生了一起森林火灾。


77. bring    /br??/   v.  (brought, brought  /br??t/ )  带来;取来

词组 bring out使显现; 使表现出

例句The English Speech Competition brought out the best in her.

英语演讲比赛展现了她最优秀的面。

辨析bring, take, get与carry  

bring  从别处拿来

take   把东西带走或拿走

          get 多用于口语

          carry  指“随身携带(不说明固定方向)”,还有“提,扛” 的意思

例句 This afternoon we re going to have an English class. Remember to bring your book.

今天下午我们打算上英语课。记得把你的书带来。

It is raining. Please take an umbrella with you, Annie.

下雨了。安妮,请带把伞。


78.burn  /b??n/    v. (burnt/burned, burnt/burned)着火;燃烧

                    burning  adj.强烈的;炽热的

例句Don't burn the candle at both ends. 蜡烛不可两头烧。


79.buy     /ba?/  v. (bought, bought   /b??t/)  购买;买

词组 buy sb. sth. =buy sth. for sb.  给某人买某物

例句I bought it in a cheap store with my mom.

我和妈妈在家便宜的商店买的它。

反义词 sell v.卖 (sold, sold)  sell sth. to sb.把某物卖给某人


80.call   /k??l/  v. (给..... )打电话;称呼,叫喊n.电话

词组 call sb. (up)给某人打电话  give sb. a call给某人打电话

call sb. back给某人回电话

例句 You can call him at 340-5261.

你可以拨打电话340 -5261 联系他。


81.can /k?n/  modal v.能;会 

用法 ①情态动词can没有人称和数的变化,后接动词原形;  

②表能力;

③表请求或许可;

④否定句中表否定推测。

例句Dirty air and water are harmful. They can kill plants and even people.

脏空气和水是有害的。它们能够杀死植物甚至人。

--Is that Tom over there?那是汤姆吗?

--It can't be him. He is on the plane to Chengdu now.不可能是他。他现在在飞往成都的飞机上。


82.catch   /k?t?/  V. (caught, caught  /k??t/ )及时赶上;接住;抓住

词组catch up with赶上     catch hold of抓住,握住

例句The boy fell behind, so he had to run to catch up with his father. 

那个男孩落在后面了,因此他必须跑着赶上他爸爸。


83.cause    /k??z/  V.造成;引起n.原因    近义词 reason  n.原因,理由

例句Melting ice can cause sea levels to rise.

融化的冰会导致海平面上升。


84.change   /t?e?n(d)?/   v.变化;改变   n. 变化,零钱

词组 change.. into把...变成

         change one's mind改变某人的想法/主意

例句 Can you change the poem from Du Fu into a song? 你能把杜甫的这首诗改成一首歌曲吗?

85.check   /t?ek/    v. &n.检查;审查

词组 check in  报道,登记    check out  检查; 审查

例句 --What time is it? 几点了?

--Just a minute. I will check it for you.   等一下,我帮你看看。


86.cheer     /t???/ v. 欢呼;喝形          cheerful   adj. 高兴的,兴高采烈的

词组cheer up 使振作起来,使高兴起来

例句John didn't get the job he wanted. Let's go and cheer him up.

约翰没有找到如意的工作,咱们去让他高兴起来吧


87.choose    /t?u?z/    v. (chose   /t???z/,chosen  /?t???zn/)选择;挑选

choice  /t???s/  n.选择

词组choose to do sth. 选择做某事

例句Mark was the only student that was chosen to attend the meeting.

马克是唯一一个被选中参加会议的学生。

Maybe it's a good choice to live in the countryside nowadays.

也许现在在乡村居住是一个很好的选择。


88.close      /kl??z/    v.关,关闭;结束

 /kl??s/   adj.(在空间、时间上)接近的;亲密的adv.接近,靠近

closely   adv.紧密地

词组close down (永久)关闭,关停     close to几乎,接近

例句The city museum closes at 7 o'clock in the evening.

城市博物馆在晚上七点关门。


中学阶段常考察的高频词汇用法之动词需要好好积累。


89.collect  /k??lekt/   v.收集;采集          collection   /k??lek?n/  n.收藏品

例句My friends collect stamps in order to learn more about history.

我的朋友集邮是为了了解更多的历史。


90.come   /k?m/  v. (came,come) 来;来到

词组come on快点,加油     come out出来;出版;(花)开

come true实现          come up with想出,提出(计划、主意等)

例句Hold on to your dream; one day it may come true. 

坚持你的梦想,将来有一天,它可能会实现。


91.compare    /k?m'pe?/   v.比较

词组compare...with/to...   把......与......做比较

compare...to....    把.....比作......

例句If you always compare yourself with others, you may have tons of pressure.

你如果总是将自己与别人比较,你可能会有巨大的压力。


92.connect    /k?'nekt/  v. (使)连接; 把....联系起来   

connection  /k??nek?n/  n. 联系; 连接

词组 connect...with/to...  把......和......连接

例句He connected the screen to the computer last night.

昨晚他把屏幕与电脑连接在了一起。


93.consider     /k?n's?d?/   v.注视; 仔细考虑

词组consider doing sth.  n. 考虑做某事

consider sb. as把某人看作

例句Paul has found a new job and is considering moving to a new flat near his company.

保罗找到了一份新工作,正考虑搬到他公司附近的一套新公寓。 


94.cost    /k?st/   v. (cost, cost) 花费  n.花费;价钱

cost, spend, pay和take表示“花费”

spend 主语是人,常用结构是spend money/time on sth. 和spend money/time doing sth.

take 用it作形式主语,常用结构为: it takes (sb.)some time to do sth.

pay 主语是人,常用结构是pay (sb. ) money for sth.   付钱(给某人)买

cost  主语是物,常用结构为: sth. costs sb. some money


例句 The stamp I bought yesterday cost me 20 yuan. 

我昨天买的邮票花了我20元。

My cousin spends two hours learning Beijing Opera every week.

我表姐每周花两个小时学京剧。 

It takes him about half an hour to get to work by bus every day.

他每天乘公共汽车去上班大约需要半个小时。




95.count     /ka?nt/   v. 数数

词组count down 倒数,倒计时

例句We are counting down the days to the end of this tour.

我们这次旅行在倒计时,快要结束了。


96.create   /kri?e?t/   v.创造; 创建     creative  /kri?e?t?v/   adj.有创造力的

例句Nothing is a waste if we have a creative mind.

如果我们有创造性的头脑,什么也不会浪费。


97.cut   /k?t/  V. 砍;切

词组cut down砍倒      cut up切碎     cut off切除

cut in插嘴,打断     cut out删除;删去

例句You have enough classes from school, the after-school classes must be cut out.

在学校你的课业已经足够了,必须停止上课外学习班。


98.decide    /d??sa?d/  v.决定;选定      decision  /d??s??n/   n.决定;决心

词组decide to do sth. 决定做某事  

make a decision 做出决定

例句Mr. Zhou is good at cooking and he has decided to open his own restaurant.

周先生擅长烹饪,他决定开自己的餐馆。

They haven't made a decision where to spend their summer vacation.

他们还没有决定去哪里过暑假。


99.depend    /d??pend/  v.依靠;信赖

词组depend on/upon依靠,信赖; 取决于..... ,视......而定

例句Health depends on food, exercise and enough sleep.

健康取决于食物、锻炼和足够的睡眠。


100.describe    /d??skra?b/  v.描述

词组describe... as...把...描述成....

例句The man is happily describing what he saw during his winter vacation.

这个人正在愉快地描述他在寒假看到的东西。


101.develop   /d??vel?p/   v.发展;壮大

developed   adj. 发达的         developed country 发达国家

developing   adj. 发展中的       developing country 发展中国家

development   n.发展

例句Now more and more schools care for the full development of the students' talents. 

现在越来越多的学校注重学生才能的全面发展。


102.discover   /d??sk?v?(r)/  v. 发现;发觉   

discovery   /d??sk?v?ri/  n.发现;发觉


103.invent     /?n?vent/   v.发明;创造    invention  /?n?ven?n/   n. 发明;发明物

辨析 discover与invent

discover是指发现本来已经存在,但人们还不知道的事物、真理等;

 invent是指发明以前客观上不存在的事物。

例句We discovered this beach while we were sailing around the island.

我们在环岛航行时发现了这片海滩。

New energy cars have been invented to cut down air pollution.

为了减少空气污染,人们发明了新能源汽车。


104.discuss   /d??sk?s/   v.讨论;商量         discussion  /d??sk??n/  n.讨论;商量

词组discuss sth. with sb. 和某人讨论某事

例句Before we make a decision, we should discuss it carefully together.

在我们做决定之前,我们应该一起仔细讨论。


105.encourage   /?n?k?r?d?/  v.鼓励

词组encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

例句Literature helps us think and encourages us to open our minds. 

文学帮助我们思考,促使我们思想开阔。


106.enjoy   /?n?d???/ v.享受;喜爱      enjoyable /?n?d????bl/   adj.有乐趣的;令人愉快的

词组enjoy oneself玩得高兴;过得愉快  

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事

例句People enjoy eating zongzi on the Dragon Boat Festival.

端午节人们喜欢吃粽子。 


107.expect    /?k?spekt/   v.预料;期待    

        unexpected   /??n?k?spekt?d/   adj.出乎意料的:始料不及的

词组expect sb. to do sth. 期待某人做某事

expect to do sth. 想要做某事

例句We are not expected to arrive late when we have a meeting.

我们开会时不应该迟到。 


108.fail    /fe?l/   v.不及格;失败;未能(做到)     failure  /?fe?lj?(r)/  n. 失败

例句Sometimes he was absent from classes and failed his examinations.

有时候他上课缺席并且考试不及格。


109. fall  /f??l/  (fell, fallen  /?f??l?n/ )  v. 倒塌;跌倒;掉落  n. (美式)秋天;掉落 

    fallen adj. 倒下的;落下的

词组fall behind落.在......后面       fall down倒下,跌倒

fall off (从 ..... )掉下         fall in love with爱上

例句She makes us fall in love with English in an interesting way.

她以一种有趣的方式让我们爱上英语。



110.feel   /fi?l/  v.感受;觉得         feeling  n. 感觉;感触

词组feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

用法feel为感官动词,后跟形容词作表语,主语可以是人,也可以是物。

常见的感官动词还有: look看上去; sound听起来; smell闻起来; taste 有......的味道

例句The cover of the book feels comfortable. It's made of silk. 

这本书的封面摸起来很舒服。它是用丝绸做的。

中考常考系动词汇总



111.fill  /f?l/  v.(使)充满; 装满 

词组be filled with 用...充满 (=be full of )

    fill in... 填充,填写      fill...with...用......把......装满

例句 Your fascinating speech is filled with positive energy.

你精彩的演讲满是正能量。


112.find   /fa?nd/  v. (found, found) 找到;发现 

词组 find out  找出,查明

辨析find与look for

find“找到”,强调找到的结果;    look for“寻找”,强调寻找的动作。

例句I looked for it everywhere but I couldn't find it.

我到处找它,但没找到。


113.finish  /?f?n??/  v. 完成; 做好

词组finish doing sth. 完成做某事

例句After finishing doing your homework, you can have a good rest.

做完家庭作业之后你可以好好休息下。

后跟动词-ing形式作宾语的动词(词组) :

完成实践值得忙(finish, practice, be worth, be busy) ;

继续习惯(别)放弃(keep, be used to, give up) ;

考虑建议不禁想(consider, suggest/advise, can't help, feel like) ;

喜欢错过(要)介意(enjoy, miss, mind)。


114.follow   /?f?l??/  v. 遵循;跟随;领悟,明白    following  adj. 接着的,以下的

例句I'm afraid I didn't follow you. Could you repeat your words?

恐怕我没听懂你的话。你能重复一下你的话吗?


115.forget   /f??ɡet/  V. (forgot, forgotten) 忘记;遗忘     反义词 remember  v记住;记起  

词组 forget/ remember to do sth. “忘记/ 记得去做某事”,指事情还没做;

forget/ remember doing sth.    “忘记/ 记得做过某事”,指事情已做

例句Sam, don't forget to return the book to the library tomorrow.

萨姆,明天别忘了把书还给图书馆。

I remember meeting all of you in Grade 7. 

我记得与你们所有人在七年级时相遇。



116.get   /get/  v. (got, got/gotten)去取(或带来) ;得到; 抵达,到达

词组get off 动身;从.....下来           get on 上车

get to 到达                       get on/along with  与......相处

get up  起床       get into陷入;参与        get out of离开; 从....出来

例句I have to get off the bus at the next stop.

     下一站我得下车了。


117.give    /ɡ?v/  v. (gave, given) 提供;给

词组give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb.给某人某物     give away赠送;捐赠

give up 放弃                             give out分发;散发

例句Cathy sold some of her things in a yard sale and gave away the money to a children's home.

凯茜在一次庭院拍卖会上卖掉了她的一些东西,把钱捐给了一个儿童之家。


118.go   v. /ɡ??/  (went, gone) 去;走

词组go to school去上学           go home回家          go away走开

go out  出去                 go on 继续         go over 仔细检查       

go by (时间)过去,消逝        go ahead开始,进行

用“go +v.-ing” 结构表示“去做某事”:

go fishing   去钓鱼     go swimming  去游泳    go shopping  去购物 


119.hand    /h?nd/    v.递,给,交出   n.手   

词组hand in上交      hand out分发

hand on把...传递下去     hand in hand手拉手

on the one hand... on the other hand...     一方面......另一方面......

例句His job is to hand out food and clothes. 

他的工作是分发食物物和衣服。


120.happen     /'h?p(?)n/ v.发生;出现;碰巧

用法 happen  (发生) 是不及物动词vi.,不能用于被动语态。

词组happen to sb. 遭到,遇到     happen to do sth. 偶然/碰巧做某事

例句I happened to meet him in the science museum yesterday afternoon.

昨天下午我碰巧在科学博物馆遇见了他。


121.have   /h?v;h?v/  (had,had)  ①有,拥有②使,让③吃,喝④进行(活动)⑤患病

词组have sth. done 让某事被做

have sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

           have a cold/fever/stomachache感冒/发烧/胃痛

例句Have a good time! (表示祝愿)过得愉快!


122.hear    /h??/  v.听到;听见

词组hear of听说     hear from sb.  收到某人的来信

例句It's great to hear from you.  很高兴收到你的来信。


123.help   /help/ v. &n. 帮助;援助      

helpful adj.有用的;有帮助的      helpless adj.无助的

词组help oneself (to) 自取, 随便吃        help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人某事        can't help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

例句The students are very helpful. They clean houses for the old people every weekend.

这些学生非常乐于助人,他们每周末替这些老人打扫房子。


124.hold   v. (held, held) 拥有;抓住;举行,进行

词组hold on (口语)等一等; (打电话时) 别挂断       hold one's breath屏住呼吸

例句The 2022 Winter Olympic Games will be held in China. 

2022冬季奥林匹克运动会将在中国举行。


125.hope   /h??p/  v. &n. 希望

词组hope to do sth. 希望做某事    

 hopeful  adj.怀有希望的;有前途的      hopeless  adj. 没有希望的,绝望的

例句 Fred hopes to improve his spoken English, so he practices it every day.

弗雷德希望提高自己的英语口语,所以他每天都练习。


126.hurry   /?h?ri/  v. &n.匆忙; 赶快

词组   hurry up赶快       in a hurry匆忙地

例句Hurry up! The concert will begin in a minute.

快点儿!音乐会马上就要开始了。


127.hurt   /h??t/   v. (hurt , hurt) (使) 疼痛;受伤

例句Tom fell off his bike and hurt his knee.  

汤姆从自行车上摔下来,伤了膝盖。


128.imagine  /??m?d??n/   v.想象; 设想

词组imagine doing sth.想象做某事

例句Can you imagine that AI will take the place of human beings in many fields? 

你能想象人工智能将在很多领域取代人类吗?

129.include   /?n?klu?d/  v. 包括;包含   including    /?n?klu?d??/   prep.包括

例句The tour includes a visit to the Disneyland, so you needn't pay for the tickets.

这趟旅行包括参观迪斯尼乐园,所以你不必买票。


130.increase     /?n?kri?s/  v.增加;增长

词组increase by增加了          increase to增加到

例句It is said that the number of forest parks in Guangdong has increased to more than 1,000.

据说广东省森林公园的数量已经增加到一千多个。


131.influence     /??nflu?ns/    v. &n.影响

例句Parents should know that they influence their children in many ways.

父母应该知道,他们在很多方面影响他们的孩子。

132.interview    /??nt?vju?/   v.采访;面试n.面试;访谈

例句Tomorrow morning they are going to interview a great scientist.

明天早上他们要采访一位伟大的科学家。


133.introduce  /??ntr??dju?s/   v.介绍;引见    introduction  /??ntr??d?k?n/  n.介绍

词组introduce... to...   把......介绍给......

introduce oneself自我介绍

例句Mr. Wang asked me to introduce myself when I first came to the class.

当我第一次到这个班时,王老师让我自我介绍一下。


134.invite     /?n?va?t/  v.邀请           invitation   /??nv??te??n/  n.邀请,请柬

词组invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

例句Why don't you invite Bryan to join the game? He is fantastic.

你为什么不邀请布莱恩参加比赛呢?他是很棒的。


135.join     /d???n/   v. 参加, 加入    

词组join the party/army入党/参军     join in 参加,加入 

辨析 join, join in与take part in  

join指加人某组织、党派或团体,成为其中一员; 

join in指加人正在进行的活动,如竞赛、娱乐、谈话等;

take part in指参与某工作、活动或运动,并在其中起一定的作用。

例句You're good at drawing. Why not join our school art club?

你擅长绘画,为什么不参加我们学校的艺术社团呢?


136.keep    /ki?p/  v. (kept, kept /kept/ ) 保持;保留

                 keeper  n.饲养员;保管人

词组keep... away from 使......远离.....       keep... to oneself 保守秘密

keep on继续,保持        keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做某事

例句I told him to be quiet, but he kept on talking. 

我告诉过他要安静,但是他还继续说话。



137.knock    /n?k/   v.敲;击  n.敲击声;敲击

词组knock at/on敲(门、窗等)      knock into撞上

knock down拆除;击倒;撞倒

例句Who is knocking at the door?  谁在敲门?


138.leave    /li?v/  v. (left,left /left/ ) 离开;留下

词组 leave... behind  把...抛在后面

leave for 动身去......              leave.. alone不管,不理

辨析leave与forget  

leave后常跟宾语再加地点状语,表示“把某物忘在某地”;

 forget表示“忘记某事”, 其后不跟地点状语。

例句Is it possible that you left it at home? 

你有可能把它忘在家里了吗?

139.let  /let/  v. (let, let)允许;让

词组let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 

例句Let's go to the movies! 咱们去看电影吧!


140.lie  存在;平躺; 处于;说谎        n.谎言

注:lie作“存在;平躺;处于”讲时,过去式、过去分词为lay  /le?/ ,lain  /le?n/ ;

lie作“说谎”讲时,过去式、过去分词都是lied。

词组lie down躺下         tell a lie撒谎

例句It lies in the southeast of China. 

它位于中国的东南部。


141.listen     /?l?sn/  v.听;倾听

辨析listen与hear

listen意为“听”,强调听的动作,后跟宾语时要用listen to 

hear意为“听见”,强调听的结果

listen和look单独用于句首时,后面常跟现在进行时的句子。

例句Listen! Mr. Black is giving a talk on robots in the hall.

听!布莱克先生正在大厅(hall  /h??l/ )做个关于机器人的演讲。


142. look     /l?k/   v.看;看上去  n.看,样子,外貌

词组look at看,观看      have a look (at) 看一看

         look through浏览     look after照看,照顾

         look for寻找           look like看起来像

         look out 留神,注意    look over检查

         look up查阅;抬头看   look down on/upon瞧不起

例句The traveler looked up his map to make sure he was not lost.

这名游客查看地图,以确保他没有迷路。


143.make     /me?k/    v. (made, made  /me?d/ ) 使成为;制造,做

词组 make sb. do sth. 让/使某人做某事         be made in 在.....生产或制造    

         be made of   由......制成 (能看出原材料) 

         be make from  由.......制成(看不出原材料)

例句I tried to make Alice change her mind but I found it difficult. 

我试图让艾丽斯改主意,但是我发现那很难。


144.manage  /?m?n?d?/    v完成(困难的事) ; 应付(困难局面)      manager n.经理;经营者

词组manage to do sth. 设法完成某事   

例句In the summer camp, the boy learned to manage all kinds of difficulties.

在夏令营里,这个男孩学会了应对各种各样的困难。


145.marry    /?m?ri/   v.结婚             married adj. 结婚的

用法: marry是瞬间性动词,不能与时间段连用。

表示“结婚多长时间了”要用延续性动词短语be married的相应形式。

例句一Mary, I remember you married several years ago. 玛丽,我记得你几年前结婚了。

一Yes,I have been married for 3 years.     是的,我已经结婚三年了。


146.match     /m?t?/  v. 相配,搭配    n.比赛,竞赛; 火柴

例句 The silk scarf is pretty and matches her blue coat very well.

这条丝巾很漂亮,和她的蓝色外套很相配。


147.may     /me?/   modal v. (might)  也许;可能;可以

用法may和might都意为“可能,也许" , 表示不太肯定的推测。

例句He may like coffee. I see him drink a cup at times. 

他可能喜欢咖啡。我见他有时喝一杯。

The man might be a doctor in this hospital, but I'm not sure.

那个人有可能是这个医院的医生,但是我不确定。


148.mean    /mi?n/  v.  (meant, meant) 意思是; 打算; 意欲

meaning  n. 意思,意义    meaningful adj有意义的    meaningless adj. 毫无意义的

词组 mean to do sth. 打算做某事

例句That means we have a better chance of winning.

那意味着我们有更好的机会获胜。

What's the meaning of this word, Kim?

金,这个词的意思是什么?


149.mention   /?men?n/   v. 提到;说到

例句Don't mention it. 不客气。( 用来回答别人的感谢)


150.mind      /ma?nd/   v.介意;对(某事)烦恼   n. 头脑;心智

词组mind doing sth.  介意做某事

Never mind. 没关系。( 用于回答对方的道歉或表示安慰对方)

例句Would you mind...? 你介意.....吗? 

( 若不介意,用Not at all. /Certainly not. /Of course not.回答;

若介意,用I'm sorry, but.. /You'd better not.回答)

It's so hot here. Would you mind opening the window for me?

这里太热了。你介意为我打开窗户吗?


151.miss    /m?s/  v怀念; 思念; 错过; 未击中

missing  adj.失去的,找不到的     

此之组miss doing sth. 错过做某事

例句Hurry up! We're late. I don't want to miss the start of the film.

快点儿! 我们要迟到了。我不想错过电影的开头。



152.must    /m?st/    modal v. 必须    

用法 ①must表示语气较肯定的推测;  ②mustn't意为“不准,千万不要”,表禁止;

③must开头的-般疑问句,其肯定回答用must,否定回答常用needn't 或don't have to。

例句 --Must I finish this work at once?   我必须立刻完成这项工作吗?

--No, you needn't.  不,你不必。

The magazine must be Lucy's. We can see her name on the cover. 

这本杂志一定是露西的。我们可以在封面上看到她的名字。


153.need     /ni?d/  v.需要 n.需要,需求

用法need作情态动词时后跟动词原形,作实义动词时常用于need to do sth. 结构。

注意sth. needs doing = sth. needs to be done   某事需要被做

词组in need处于困难中

例句We don't need to pay to get into the concert, because it's free.

我们不必花钱去听音乐会,因为那是免费的。


154.offer   /??f?(r)/  v.主动提出;自愿给予

词组 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

offer sb. sth. =offer sth. to sb. 给某人提供某物

例句Jack offers to help at the underground station on Saturdays.

杰克每周六主动到地铁站帮忙(做义工)。


155.pick     /p?k/  v.采;摘;挑选 

词组pick up 拾起,检起; 开车去接(某人) ; 接电话: (无意中)学会  

pick out挑出

例句Shall we go to the airport to pick up your sister?

我们去机场接你妹妹好吗?


156.plan    /pl?n/  v.&n. 计划,打算

词组plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事 

例句My father and I planned to visit Beijing a long time ago.

我和爸爸很久之前就计划游览北京了。


157.play .   /ple?/   v. 参加(比赛或运动) ; 玩耍

用法:play和棋类、球类名词搭配时,棋类、球类名词前不加任何冠词;

play和西洋乐器名词搭配时,乐器名词前要加定冠词the

词组play with和......一起玩;玩弄......

例句She can play the piano very well. 她钢琴弹得很好。

Mike often plays football on weekends.    迈克经常在周末踢足球。


158.pollute    /p??lu?t/   v. 弄脏,污染

pollution     /p??lu??n/   n. 污染         polluted  adj.被污染的

例句In the past, many rivers were polluted seriously, but now they are cleaned up.

在过去,许多河流被严重污染,但现在它们被清理干净了。


159.practice     /?pr?kt?s/  v. &n. 练习

词组practice doing sth.   练习做某事

例句These foreigners are practicing speaking Chinese.  这些外国人正在练习说汉语。


160.praise    /pre?z/  v. &n.表扬;赞扬

词组praise sb. for sth. 因某事表扬某人 

in praise of 称赞

例句At the meeting the boss praised John for the progress he made.

老板在会上表扬了约翰所取得的进步。


161.prefer      /pr??f??(r)/  v.更喜欢

词组prefer to do sth. 宁愿做某事     

prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth.    喜欢(做) ......胜过(做) ......

prefer to do something rather than do something

=would rather do something than do something .宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

例句I prefer to stay at home rather than go out on such a rainy day.

在这样一个雨天,我宁愿待在家里,而不愿出去。


162.prepare     /pr??pe?(r)/  v. 使做好准备; 把......准备好     

preparation     /?prep??re??n/     n. 准备;准备工作

词组prepare for sth. 为某事做准备

例句Life is full of challenges. We should hope for the best and prepare for the worst.

生活充满挑战(challenge  /?t??l?nd?/ ),我们应该怀着最好的希望,做最坏的准备。  


163.produce   /pr??dju?s/   v.生产;制造;出产  product   /?pr?d?kt/  n.产品;制品

例句Tea is produced in many different areas in China. 中国许多不同的地区都产茶。


164.promise     /?pr?m?s/   v.许诺;承诺  n. 承诺;诺言

词组promise to do sth. 承诺做某事     make a promise许下诺言

例句The boy has promised not to play computer games again.

这个男孩已经承诺不再玩电脑游戏了。


165.protect    /pr??tekt/ v.保护;防护          protection   /pr??tek?n/  n.保护;保卫

词组protect.. from/against.. 保护......免遭......

例句It's our duty to protect the environment.  

保护环境是我们的责任。


166.provide   /pr??va?d/  v. 提供;供应

词组provide sb. with sth. 

=provide sth for sb. = offer sh.to sb.为某人提供某物

例句Traveling provides good chances for us to meet people from other countries.

旅行给我们提供了很好的机会去认识来自其他国家的人。 


167.put     /p?t/  v. (put, put)放

词组put off 推迟                 put on增加(体重) ;发胖;穿上;上演

put up搭起;举起;张贴;提高      put away收起          put out扑灭

例句I really need to take more exercise because I'm putting on weight.

我真的需要多进行锻炼,因为我正在变胖。


168.rise   /ra?z/ v. (rose /r??z/ , risen /?r?zn/  )&   n.升起; 增加;提高

辨析raise与rise

raise为及物动词,指人把某物“升起,举起”;  

rise为不及物动词,指事物自身“升起,升高”。



例句The price of vegetables rises so quickly these days.

这些日子蔬菜的价格涨得太快了。


169.  refuse   /r?'fju?z/  v.拒绝

词组refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

例句Mr. Green refuses to eat sweet food. He doesn't want to get fat.

格林先生拒绝吃甜食。他不想变胖。


170. regard       /r?'ɡɑ:d/  v. .....认为;把...视为;看待

词组regard... as... 把....当作.....;认为.....是 .....

例句Lianhua Lake Park is regarded as one of the most beautiful parks in Dazhou.

莲花湖公园被认为是达州最美的公园之一。


171.relax   /r?'l?ks/  v.放松;休息   

辨析relaxed  /r?'l?kst/   adj. 放松的;自在的(常用来说明人) 

relaxing   /r?'l?ks??/   adj.轻松的;令人放松的(常用来说明事物)

例句I felt relaxed lying in the sun on the beach. 

躺在沙滩上晒太阳,我感到很放松。 


172.remind   /r?'ma?nd/  v提醒;使想起

词组remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事    remind sb to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

例句This piece of sweet music reminds us of the beauty of the countryside. 

这段悦耳的音乐使我们想起了乡村的美丽。


173.return   /r?'t??n/  v .归还;回来;返回

词组return sh to sb.把某物还给某人

return =go/come back, 不再与back连用。

例句Please return my dictionary as soon as possible. 

请尽快归还我的词典。


174.run   /r?n/  v. (ran,run) 跑;奔

词组run away逃跑      run out (of )用完,尽        run after追赶

例句These new types of energy cost very little and will never run out.

这些新型能源成本很低,而且将永远用不完。


175.satisfy   /'s?t?sfa?/  v. 满足;使满意      satisfied   /'s?t?sfa?d/  adj.满意的

词组be satisfied with ...  对....满意

例句Professor Li is quite satisfied with his students' creative inventions.

李教授对他的学生们的有创意的发明很满意。


176.see  /si?/  v. (saw, seen) 理解;明白

用法see sb. do sth. “看见某人做了某事”(强调动作的全过程或经常性); 

see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事”(强调动作正在进行)

与此用法类似的还有hear/watch/notice sb. do sth.和hear/watch/notice sb. doing sth.

例句I saw her watering flowers in the garden when I passed by.

我路过时看见她在花园里浇花。

I didn't see you come in. You must have been very quiet.

我没有看见你进来,你一定是悄悄地进来的。


177.send    /send/  v. (sent, sent)邮寄;发送

词组 send up 发射          send for 派人去请  

send sb. to do sth. 派某人去做某事

例句 I send an e-mail to my pen pal in England once a week.

     我每周给我在英格兰的笔友发一封电子邮件。 




178.show  /???/  v. (showed, shown....看;展示n. 演出;节目

词组show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物

show sb. around带领某人参观         show off炫耀

show up赶到,露面                    on show展出

例句I waited and waited, but she didn't show up at last. 

     我等啊等,但她最终没有露面。 


179.spread  /spred/  v. (spread, spread) 传播;展开        n.蔓延;传播

例句We're supposed to spread positive energy everywhere we go.

无论我们到哪里,我们都应该传播正能量。


180.stand   /st?nd/  v. (stood , stood) 

词组stand up 站起来      stand for  代表  

can't stand doing sth. 不能忍受做某事

例句Bob's father can’t stand watching soap operas.

鲍勃的爸爸不能忍受看肥皂剧。


181.stay  /ste?/ v. 停留;待

词组stay up 熬夜      stay at home 待家里 

stay away from   远离

例句It is bad for health to stay up late.  熬夜对健康不好。 


182.stop   /st?p/   v. 停止 n.车站

辨析stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.

stop to do sth.   表示“停下来做另外一件事”;

stop doing sth.   表示 “停止正在做的事”,动名词作宾语

例句In order to catch the early bus, we had to stop waiting for them.

为了赶上早班车,我们不得不停止等他们。


183.succeed  /s?k'si?d/   v. 实现目标;成功

success   n.成功     successful  adj.获得成功的;有成就的

successfully   adv.成功地

词组succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

例句I believe I will succeed in passing the English exam.

我相信我会成功通过英语考试的。

        Frederick successfully entered the final competition last month. 

His hobby has brought him success.

弗雷德里克上个月成功地进入了决赛。他的爱好给他带来了成功。


184. suggest  /s?'d?est/   v.建议;提议  

suggestion   /s?'d?est?(?)n/  n.建议(可数名词)

词组suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

例句My mother suggested relaxing on the beach for vacation yesterday.

昨天我妈妈建议假期里在海滩上放松一下。


185.support     /s?'p??t/ v. &n.支持

例句Class, you should be thankful to those people who helped and supported you

同学们,你们应该感谢那些帮助、支持你们的人。


186.suppose  /s?'p??z/  v.推断;料想

词组be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事

例句We are supposed to share some housework with our parents when we have free time.

     我们应在空闲时间帮父母分担些家务活。 


187.take    /te?k/ v. 买下,拿,取

词组take off 起飞,脱掉         take out 拿出,取出        take in吸人,吞入

take away夺去;拿走        take after (外貌或行为)像(父或母)

take up  占用(时间/空间) ; 学着做;开始做

例句I'm going to take up cooking because I like eating delicious food. 

我将要学着做饭,因为我喜欢吃可口的饭菜。


188.teach  / ti: t?/   .v. (taught, taught  / t?: t/)教;讲授       teacher n. 教师

词组  teach oneself 自学   teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

例句Ms. Wang, an excellent teacher, teaches him maths this term.

王老师----一位非常优秀的老师,这学期教他数学。


189.thank   /θ??k/  v.感谢;谢谢   

              thankful  adj. 感谢的;感激的     thanks  interj. & n. 感谢,谢谢

词组thanks for (doing) sth. =thank you for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而感谢对方

thanks to由于,幸亏

例句Thank you for inviting me to your birthday party.

         谢谢你邀请我参加你的生日聚会。 


190.think     /θ??k/   v. (thought, thought  /θ??t/ )认为;想;思考

                       thought n. 思考;思想

词组think about 考虑         think of 想起;认为

think over仔细考虑        think twice再三考虑

例句I have to hand in the report tomorrow, but I can't think of anything to write.

我明天必须交上报告,但是我想不出写什么。 


191.throw    /θr??/   (threw, thrown)扔;掷

词组throw away扔掉

例句Before we throw away rubbish, we usually divide it into different groups.

在扔垃圾之前,我们通常将它分类。


192.try  /trai/  w&n. 尝试;设法;努力

词组try one's best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做某事

         try on试穿          try out试用,参加......选拨

例句The pants look very nice. Can I try them on?

这条长裤看起来很不错。我可以试穿一下吗? 


193.turn  /t??n/   v.转向;翻 

词组turn down关小,调低; 拒绝        turn up开大,调高

turn off关掉                  turn...over 翻转过来

turn on打开                  turn right/left向右/左转

例句Don't forget to turn off the lights when you leave the classroom.

当你离开教室时不要忘记关灯。


194.wait   /we?t/  v.等待;等候

词组wait for等待,等候     wait a minute别急;稍等一会儿

can't wait to do sth. 迫不及待做某事

例句The cheese cake smells so good that I can't wait to eat it.

奶酪蛋糕闻起来很香,我迫不及待地要吃它。


195.wake  /we?k/  (woke  /w??k/ , woken  /'w??k?n/) 弄醒;醒

           awake  /?'we?k/  adj. 醒着

词组wake up醒来       wake sb. up把某人叫醒

例句I will have a meeting this afternoon. Please wake me up at 2:00 pm.

今天下午我要开会,请下午两点叫醒我。


196.want   /w?nt/  v想要;需要

词组want to do sth.想要做某事    want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事

例句I don't want to be fat.我不想变胖。


197.warn    /w??n/  v. 警告;告诫

词组warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人(不要)做某事

warn sb. about sth.警告某人某事

例句 The policeman warned the man not to drive after drinking.

警察警告那个人酒后不要开车。


198.waste   /we?st/  v. 浪费;滥用n.浪费;垃圾

词组a waste of... 浪费.....

例句More and more people have realized that we shouldn't waste food.

越来越多的人意识到我们不应该浪费粮食。


199.wear   /we?/  v.(wore, worn) 穿;戴

辨析wear与put on表示“穿”

wear强调穿着的状态;  put on强调穿的动作。

例句As a teacher, I really feel worried to see so many students wearing glasses. 

作为一名老师,看到这么多学生戴眼镜我真的感到担忧。


200.worry   /'w?r?/  v.&n.担心;担忧     worried  adj.焦虑的,担心的

词组worry about=be worried about为....而担心

例句If you stay out too late, your parents will worry about you.

如果你在外面逗留得太晚,你的父母会为你担心的。


201.wonder    /'w?nd?/   v.想知道;琢磨  n.奇观,奇迹    wonderful  adj. 精彩的;绝妙的

词组 no wonder 难怪, 不足为奇

例句I wonder where we will meet tomorrow.

我想知道明天我们在哪里见面。

 

以上就是中学阶段常考察的高频词汇动词的用法和常见搭配,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。

相关内容:中学阶段常考察的高频词汇用法--名词


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