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动词过去分词作状语
分类:语法详解 作者:本站原创

动词过去分词作状语的用法和例子,现总结如下:

1. 过去分词的逻辑主语必须是主句的主语,且与主语构成被动关系

Given more time, I could finish it. 

如果有更多时间,我就能完成它。

= If I were given more time, I could finish it. 

given的主语是I。


Frightened by the dog, she did not dare to come into the house. 

由于被狗吓到了,她不敢进屋。

= As she was frightened by the dog, she did not dare to come into the house.

frightened的主语是she。


2.过去分词作状语在功能上相当于状语从句。在状语从句中,当从句逻辑主语与主句主语一致时,且从句含be动词时,通常省去从句的主语与be动词。因此,有“连词+过去分词”结构: 

Given more time, I could finish it. 

= If I were given more time, I could finish it. 

= If given more time, I could finish it. 


用于此的连词常为 once, when, while, if, as if, even if, though, unless等连词


3.部分过去分词源于系表结构,作状语时不表被动而表主动。

Lost in deep thought, he nearly ran into a tree. 因为沉溺于思考之中,所以他差点撞到树上。

= Because he was lost in deep thought, he nearly ran into a tree.

   

Born in a poor family, he couldn’t afford the tuition. 因为出生在贫困家庭,他无法支付学费。

= Because he was born in a poor family, he couldn’t afford the tuition.


这样的过去分词及短语常见的有: lost , seated, exhausted, prepared, disappointed,  hidden ,  devoted,  absorbed in ,  dressed in ,  tired of (厌烦)等

   

4.若过去分词结构的逻辑主语与主句主语不一致,则必须在过去分词结构前写出该逻辑主语,构成独立主格结构,在句中作状语。

The job done (=When/After the job had been done), the workers went home.

工人们干完活就回家了。

More time given to us, we should have finished the paper. 

如果给我们更多的时间,我们会已经把论文写完了。


5.若过去分词既表示被动, 又表示动作的完成, 常可转化成现在分词的完成被动式; 

Discussed many times, the plan was carried out at last. 

在讨论了许多次之后, 这个计划最终被执行了。

= Having been discussed many times, the plan was carried out at last. 


6.过去分词作时间状语

Asked who she was, she replied that she was Ann’s friend.

 当问到她是谁时,她答道她是安妮的朋友。

=When she was asked who she was, she replied that she was Ann’s friend. 

= When asked who she was, she replied that she was Ann’s friend. 


Compared with the size of the house, the room does not seem big at all. 

和房子的大小相比,这房间看起来一点都不大。

= When it is compared with the size of the house, the room does not seem big at all.

= When compared with the size of the house, the room does not seem big at all.


Published in October, the album was a big hit. 

这专辑在十月发布时很受欢迎。

=When published in October, the album was a big hit. 

=When it was published in October, the album was a big hit.


7.过去分词作原因状语

Caught in the traffic jam, he was late. 

因为塞车,所以他迟到了。

=Because he was caught in the traffic jam, he was late.


Deeply moved by the story, she cried. 

因为被这故事深深感动了,所以小女孩哭了。

= As she was deeply moved by the story, she cried.


Attracted by the beauty of nature, he decided to spend another two days in the village. 

因为被大自然的美所吸引,他决定在村里再呆两天。

= As attracted by the beauty of nature, he decided to spend another two days in the village.


8.过去分词作条件状语

Given another hour, she could also work out the problem.

 如果再给她一个小时,她也能解决这个问题。

=If she was given another hour, she could also work out the problem.


If wrongly taken, the medicine can kill a person. 

这药如果误服会致命。

= If the medicine is wrongly taken, it can kill a person.


Looked at a distance, the painting seems much more beautiful. 

如果远看,这幅画似乎漂亮多了。

= If it is looked at a distance, the painting seems much more beautiful.


9.过去分词作方式、伴随状语

The teacher came into the classroom, followed by his students.

 老师走进教室,后面跟着他的学生。

= The teacher came into the classroom and he was followed by his students.


The man stood there, surrounded by a group of people. 

那男的站在哪里,被一群人围着。

= The man stood there and he is surrounded by a group of people.


He got off the bed, supported by his wife. 

他在妻子的搀扶下下了床。

= He got off the bed and he was supported by his wife.


10.过去分词作让步状语

Encouraged by his girlfriend, he still has no confidence. 

虽然受到他女朋友的鼓励,他还是没有信心。

=Although he is encouraged by his girlfriend, he still has no confidence.


Given more time, she still couldn’t solve the problem. 

虽然被给予了更多时间,她还是无法解决问题。

Grown in rich soil, the plant still doesn’t grow fast. 

虽然种植在肥沃的土壤里,这植物还是长的不快。


11.过去分词作结果状语

He ran into a car, wounded in the head. 

他撞上一辆车,头受伤了。

= He ran into a car and he was wounded in the head.

The cup fell down on the floor, broken. 杯子掉在地上,摔碎了。


以上就是动词过去分词作状语的用法和例子,希望对你有所帮助。你可能需要:动词过去分词作表语


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