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宾语是什么词性
分类:初级英语语法 作者:本站原创

问:宾语是什么词性?

答:宾语是人、物或事情等,可由名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词或从句等充当。例如:

1.名词(名词短语)作宾语

She took the umbrella. 

她拿了那把伞。

(the umbrella作动词took的宾语)

The teacher punished the student. 

老师惩罚了那位学生。

(the student作动词punished的宾语)


2.代词作宾语

My mother loves me a lot.

 我妈妈很爱我。

(me作动词loves的宾语)

They ask her a lot of questions. 他们问她很多问题。

(her作动词ask的宾语)


3.数词作宾语

There are three apples. She takes two. 

有三个苹果,她拿了两个。

(two作takes的宾语)

He ate three. 他吃了三个。

(three作ate的宾语)


4.不定式作宾语

They decided to buy the house. 

他们决定买这房子。

(to buy the house作动词decided的宾语)

The woman offered to help us. 

这女士主动要帮助我们。

(to help us作动词offered的宾语)


5.动名词(动名词短语)作宾语

I suggest going out for a walk. 

我建议出去走走。

(going out for a walk作动词suggest的宾语)

We enjoyed watching the football game. 

我们很享受这足球赛。

(watching the football game作动词enjoy的宾语)


6.从句作宾语:宾语从句

I know who has won the competition. 

我知道谁赢得了比赛。

(从句who has won the competition作动词know的宾语)

She will show you what you should know. 

她会告诉你你该知道的东西。

(从句what you should know作动词show的宾语)


希望你已经搞清楚了宾语由什么词性充当。你可能还需要:宾语是什么


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