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定语从句who和whom怎么区分
分类:语法详解 作者:本站原创

定语从句who和whom怎么区分?现将它们的区别详解如下:

1. who可引导限制性定语从句,用于指代人,在从句中作主语或宾语

The man who was driving a red car is my brother. 

开着红色汽车的男士是我兄弟。

【who指代人(the man),在从句中作主语。】

He was the one who did all the talking. 

都是他在说话。

【who指代人(the one),在从句中作主语。】

I am surrounded by the people who I like. 

我周围的人都是我喜欢的。

【who指代人(the people),在从句中作宾语。】


2. whom可引导限制性定语从句,在从句中作宾语,通常可与who替换使用,whom较正式

The student whom/who you scolded was very upset. 

被你责备的那个学生非常沮丧。

【whom指代人(the student),在从句中作宾语。】

The family whom/who I met at the bus station were very kind. 

我在公车站遇见的那家人很友好。

【whom指代人(the family),在从句中作宾语。】


3.who与whom作宾语时,常可省略

The student (whom/who) you scolded was very upset. 

The family (whom/who) I met at the bus station were very kind.

I am surrounded by the people (whom/who) I like.

The boy (who/whom) I spoke to is a nice person. (whom作介词to的宾语)


4. whom作介词宾语时,介词可提前至whom前,此时,whom不可省略; 

The boy whom I spoke to is a nice person. 

与我讲话的男孩子是个不错的人。

= The boy to whom I spoke is a nice person. (whom不可省)


The retailer whom I purchased my laptop from is an old man. 

卖我笔记本电脑的零售商是个老人。

= The retailer from whom I purchased my laptop is an old man. 

(whom不可省)


5. who则不可紧接介词, 因此介词不可提前至who前

The boy who I spoke to is a nice person. (√)

The boy to who I spoke is a nice person. (×)


6.who与whom可引导非限制性定语从句,指代人,不可省略;

who可在从句中作主语或宾语,whom只能在从句中作宾语

Amy, who was my roommate, is married. 

艾米结婚了,她之前是我的室友。

【who指代人(Amy),在从句中作主语,不可省略】


She was introduced to the author, whom she was excited to meet. 

她被介绍给了那个作者,她很激动见他。

【whom指代人(the author),在从句中作宾语,不可省略】


 David, who/whom I am working for, is a foreigner. 

我为大卫工作,他是个外国人。【who/whom作宾语时,不可省略】


whom作介词宾语时,介词常可提前,whom不可省略;

who作介词宾语时,介词不可提前

This woman, whom he had lived with for two years, had never known him. 

这女人和他住在一起两年了,她从来都没有真正认识他。

= This woman, with whom he had lived for two years, had never known him.


David, who I am working for, is a foreigner. (√)

David, for who I am working, is a foreigner. (×)


以上就是定语从句who和whom的区分,希望对你有所帮助。你可能需要深入理解:用who不用that的定语从句


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